Mexico welcomed the 20th century with a social outburst that would later be known as the Mexican Revolution.
This social movement made historical figures such as Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata known worldwide.
The non-conformity of the most unprotected in Mexico was due to the economic, political and social inequality of the country, all caused by the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz for more than 30 years.
What were the main causes of the Mexican Revolution?
Porfirio Diaz had been in power for more than 30 years, in an interview to the American journalist James Creelman the president of Mexico said that the country was ready for the democratic transition, words that were taken seriously by Francisco I. Madero, who started his presidential campaign with the slogan “Effective suffrage, no reelection”.
The people were not only upset because Diaz had been president for a long time, but also because of the great economic inequality, the rich were getting richer and the poor were getting poorer. Education was only for the privileged class, who were few, 80 percent of the people living in Mexico were illiterate.
In addition to all this, there was no freedom of expression in the newspapers; dozens of newspapers were disappeared during the Daz regime, which did not accept the slightest criticism of his government.
In Mexico there was also slavery, especially in the south of the country where the henequeras haciendas kept their workers in deplorable conditions, although the tiendas de raya were all over the country, in the Yucatan peninsula and Quinta Roo they were more visible.
When did the Mexican Revolution begin?
The aforementioned created great social unrest, which led to an armed outbreak on November 20, 1910 led by Francisco I. Madero, who from the United States called for the uprising with the Plan de San Luis.
Diaz was overthrown and exiled to France where he died. Throughout the revolt, which lasted approximately 13 years, figures emerged who fought for social equality such as Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata. Madero was betrayed and assassinated in 1911, the weight of the struggle fell on Villa and Zapata, the latter was killed on April 10, 1919, while the “Centaur of the North” was ambushed and lost his life on July 20, 1923, date on which many historians consider the Mexican Revolution ended.